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Boundary & Other Marker Stones

Ten boundary stones inscribed with the letters ‘ILB’, denoting Ivybridge Local Board, were instated towards the end of the nineteenth century. Whilst all their locations are known, unfortunately not all of them exist today. 
Ivybridge has two Parish Stones and two County Stones all located close to the old Ivy Bridge. Additionally, it has one of only four surviving milestones from the original Plymouth to Exeter thoroughfare.
Located on the same page as the Boundary Stones,  the tradition of “Beating the Bounds” was an old custom of walking around the parish boundary.

Bridges

Various bridges have been constructed over the years to afford passage over the River Erme.  Not all of these bridges remain today.
Located on the same page as the Bridges of Ivybridge, the Bridge Ceremony is an old tradition permitting the people of Ivybridge to cross the old ivy bridge. The ceremony was resurrected in the early 1990s and is re-enacted each year.

Churches

The first chapel of St John was built in 1789 and since then several other churches have been built for the people of Ivybridge.

Devonshire School of Gardening

The Devonshire School of Gardening was created in 1911 and catered for young ladies who wished to study horticulture.
Included on the Devonshire School of Gardening page, the Walled Garden was located in the grounds of Stowford Paper Mill.

Ivybridge during World War II

Ivybridge provided relatively safe accommodation for various government departments during the war years
The town’s air raid precautions were made up of air raid wardens, a report post, two ambulance units, a first aid post, a rescue squad and a decontamination squad in the event of a gas attack.
Ivybridge’s Home Guard was No.12 Platoon with a Drill Hall located in Victoria Park.
Many ladies in Ivybridge undertook a variety of jobs. Some could be performed in their own homes, whilst others required halls or the local school for the staging of emergency cooking demonstrations and similar skills
In May, 1943, the GIs of the 116th Infantry Regiment came to Ivybridge as part of Operation Bolero, a long-range plan for transferring and then accommodating almost 2 million American servicemen in Britain in the run-up to an invasion of Europe.
Millions of ration books were printed and people had to obtain these in order to buy food, clothing and motor fuel.
At the time of Churchill’s broadcast on the 8th May 1945 declaring that the was was over, it was documented that the streets of Ivybridge were deserted, everyone was in doors. However, from 6.30 onward, it was the complete reverse, crowds had flocked to the churches for special services and then later celebrations both at home and in the streets.

Ivybridge Viaduct & Train Station

The Ivybridge Viaduct is one of five viaducts situated between Totnes and Plymouth, all of which were originally designed by the engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel
The South Devon Railway was authorised by an Act of Parliament in 1844. The broad gauge line was opened on 5th May 1848. The station at Ivybridge was completed six weeks later, on 15th June.

Longtimber Woods

Longtimber Woods is an area of 53 acres consisting of mainly broadleaf trees and a variety of shrubs. It has been used by local people for walks, swimming and picnics.
Included on the Longtimber Woods web page the old swimming pool was originally a reservoir supplying Ivybridge with clean water. Once a new reservoir was established in 1914 it became a swimming pool complete with changing facilities and a spring board.

People of Ivybridge

A selection of the people over the years who have made a contribution to the rich history of Ivybridge, including names we see on road signs and buildings around the town.

Primroses from Devon

From the 1960s Stowford Paper Mill coordinated the distribution of primroses to all its customers around the UK

Redlake China Clay Works

In 1910 a single track, three-foot gauge railway running eight miles from the China Clay pits at Redlake to the drying sheds at Cantrell was constructed.
China Clay washed from the ground flowed into settling tanks and then dried in a pan kiln before being transported away by train to Plymouth Docks
In August 1914 war was declared and by October the production of clay had ceased at Redlake.
After WWI Redlake reopened in 1922 under a new company called the Ivybridge China Clay Company Ltd

 

Schools in Ivybridge

In 1856 a National School was established and as the population of Ivybridge has grown so has the number of primary schools.
Ivybridge Secondary Modern School was officially opened on Friday 11th July, 1958.

Stowford Paper Mill

A paper mill was established in Ivybridge in 1787 and production continued for the next 226 years until the incumbent owners closed the site at the end of 2013.
Before any method of separating cellulose was discovered to produce woodpulp, paper was manufactured exclusively from discarded clothing, sailcloth, ropes and other fibrous products. 
A major fire broke out at Stowford Paper Mill on 5th May 1914 with devastating consequences. A newspaper report from the day after recalls the event in detail.
The provision of high quality watermarked paper was a key asset of Stowford Paper Mill. A watermark bearing the mill’s name was produced as early as 1843 and the very last commemorating 226 years of continuous paper production was created in 2013. This topic is spread over several web pages.
Spread over two web pages, the manufacturing processes and gradual modernisation of the paper mill from the 1950s is documented in a scrapbook style.
The provision of security papers was a core business activity for the paper mill and many paper documents we all have at home were manufactured in Ivybridge.
The Mill scrapbook delves into the social events enjoyed by the employees of the paper mill over the decades.
In 1987 Stowford Paper Mill celebrated 200 years of continuous operation. To mark the special occasion a commemorative plaque was unveiled and paper bearing a special 1787-1987 watermark was produced.
Under the ownership of Portals between 1924 and 1930 an athletic club was formed and in later years the mill would purchase two sports fields for the employees to enjoy their leisure activities.
In 1980 work began to convert a former machinery room at the paper mill into a modern social club, complete with bar and games room.